Costa Rica is characterized by its civil tradition and democracy. It is not exaggerated to describe it as an oasis of peace since the Costa Rican is kind, hospitable and proud of his freedom.
Four cultures can be distinguished according to the Costa Rican way of being: that of the Central Valley, typical of peasant farmers; the one of the pampa Guanacaste and the afrocaribeña of the province of Limón.
Its origin is a mixture, where there is a contribution of the indigenous race (although in smaller proportion than in other Central American countries); one of the Spanish colonizers and the afrocaribeño contribution, from the previous century.
Costa Rica, one of the oldest democracies in America, is a free and independent republic. Its inhabitants enjoy full political stability, in which large and deep-rooted commitments to democratic freedom prevail. Peace is its primordial characteristic. The country has no army since it was abolished in the middle of this century. The civil guard is sufficient for the protection of its citizens. There is also a strong fight against drug trafficking as Costa Rica is a bridge and cellar for the shipment of drugs to North America and Europe.
Costa Rica was nominated in the 1980s for the Nobel Peace Prize. It was granted in 1987, to the then President of the Republic Oscar Arias Sánchez, which means a deserved recognition to the way of life of Costa Ricans.
From 1869, an educational system was established, obligatory and financed by the State, also has private institutions at all levels. The government allocates the necessary budgets for medical care and educational programs. Both services have achieved remarkable achievements. In the case of education, 93% of the population has reading and writing skills.
Life expectancy ranges from 72 to 75 years of age, an outstanding average in Latin America. The country has a high degree of development of medicine, especially preventive, for its urban and rural areas.
Costa Rica has reached a relatively high standard of living. It ranks fourth in the Human Development Index among the Ibero-American nations.
At present, the services sector, and tourism surpasses agriculture.
Ecotourism is extremely popular with international tourists who visit the extensive network of national parks and protected areas. Costa Rica was one of the pioneers in this type of tourism and the country is internationally recognized as one of the few that has true ecotourism destinations
In recent years several of the country's top travel service providers have been recognized internationally for their commitment to positive tourism for the planet.
Costa Rica has been included in the "Top 10 Ethical Destinations of the World in Development" lists for both 2011 and 2012. This is an annual ranking produced by "Ethical Traveler" magazine, which is based on a study of developing countries around the world to identify the best tourist destinations among this group of nations. The measurement uses categories such as environmental protection, social welfare, and human rights.
National Geographic magazine designated Corcovado National Park as the most biologically diverse site on the planet. The Guanacaste Conservation Area, La Amistad Park or Isla del Coco are lush places to visit in Costa Rica.
Another important region of natural beauty is the Caño Negro wetland which has almost 10,000 hectares protected where only alligators and storks have property rights.
In the center of the Pacific and the best-surfing tourist destination in the country, you can visit Chiclets Zipline and enjoy breathtaking views and paradisiacal sunsets.